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Mauritius Geography
 
 
 

General

Mauritius is situated in the Indian Ocean, about 900 km (559 mi) east of Madagascar and 2,000 km (1,250 mi) off the nearest point of the African coast. The island of Rodrigues, an integral part of Mauritius, is located about 560 km (350 mi) off its northeastern coast. The two islands of Agalega lie 1,122 km (697 mi) to the north of Mauritius; also to the north is the St Brandon Group (Cargados Carajos Shoals).

Mauritius has a total area of about 2,040 km² (7788 mi²), of which the island of Mauritius occupies 1,860 sq km (720 sq mi); the island of Rodrigues, 110 km² (42.5 mi²); and the other offshore islands, 71 km² (27 mi²). Comparatively, the area occupied by Mauritius is almost 11 times the size of Washington DC. Mauritius extends 61 km (38 mi) north to south and 47 km (29 mi) east to west, and has a coastline of 177 km (110 mi). The nation also claims Diego Garcia, a British dependency about 1,900 km (1,200 mi) to the northeast, and a French possession, Tromelin Island, about 555 km (345 mi) to the northwest.

The capital city of Mauritius, Port Louis, is located on the island's northwest coast.

Mauritius is mostly of volcanic formation and is almost entirely surrounded by coral reefs. A coastal plain rises sharply to a plateau 275 to 580 m (900-1,900 ft) high. Piton de la Rivière Noire, the highest peak, reaches 828 m (2,717 ft). The longest river is the Grand River South East.

The subtropical maritime climate is humid, with prevailing southeast winds. The temperature ranges from 18° to 30°C (64-86°F) at sea level, and from 13° to 26°C (55-79°F) at an elevation of 460 m (1,500 ft); the warmest season lasts from October to April, the coolest from June to September. From October to March, southeast trade winds bring heavy rains to the central plateau and windward slopes, which have a yearly average rainfall of over 500 cm (200 in). On the coast, rainfall averages about 100 cm (40 in) annually. Daily showers occur from April to September and occasional tropical cyclones between December and April.

Overview

Location :
Southern Africa, island in the Indian Ocean, east of Madagascar

Geographic coordinates :
20 17 S, 57 33 E

Map references :
Africa

Area :
total: 2,040 sq km
land: 2,030 sq km
water: 10 sq km
note: includes Agalega Islands, Cargados Carajos Shoals (Saint Brandon), and Rodrigues

Area - comparative :
almost 11 times the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries :
0 km


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